What is aural habilitation?
Aural habilitation is the process of developing spoken communication skills in hearing-impaired individuals. Emphasis is placed on the use of residual audition for auditory, speech and language development. Children are taught to listen and learn language through listening.
What is Signed Exact English?
Signing Exact English is a sign language system that represents literal English, to make visible everything that is not heard, SEE supplements what a child can get from hearing and speechreading. Since American Sign Language or ASL has different vocabulary, idioms and syntax from English, SEE modified and supplemented the vocabulary of ASL so children can see clearly what is said in English.
What is tongue thrust?
Tongue thrust is the process of thrusting the tongue forward and/or sideways against the teeth or in between the teeth while swallowing. The constant pressure of the tongue at rest against or between the teeth, along with the pushing of the tongue during swallowing, can force the teeth out of alignment. Articulation of certain sounds may also be affected by the postural position of the tongue. Generally, when there is a strong tongue thrust in addition to a speech problem, it is difficult to correct the speech unless the tongue thrust is also corrected.
What are the consequences of tongue thrust?
- Slowing and possible relapse of orthodontic treatment
- Speech problems
- Periodontal problems
- Unpleasant chewing and eating appearance
- Soreness of the tongue and teeth
- Temporomandibular joint problems - TMJ
What is oral-myofunctional therapy?
Myofunctional therapy is a specialized remedial program specifically designed for the correction of a tongue thrust/posture problem. Exercise techniques are used to educate and synchronize the muscles associated with swallowing and the postural position of the tongue, lips, and face.
What is a receptive language disorder?
Receptive language includes the skills involved in understanding language. Receptive language disorders are difficulties in the ability to attend to, process, comprehend, and/or retain spoken language.
Is my child showing signs of a receptive language disorder?
Some early signs and symptoms of a receptive language disorder include:
- Difficulty following directions
- Repeating back words or phrases either immediately or at a later time (echolalia)
- Difficulty with answering questions appropriately
- Use of jargon while talking
- Difficulty attending to spoken language
- High activity level
- Inappropriate and/or off topic responses to questions
What is an expressive language disorder?
Expressive language includes the skills involved in communicating one's thoughts and feelings to others. An expressive language disorder concerns difficultly with verbal expression.
Is my child showing signs of an expressive language disorder?
Some signs and symptoms of an expressive language disorder include:
- Omitting word endings, difficulty acquiring forms such as plurals, past tense verbs, complex verb forms, or other grammar forms
- Limited vocabulary
- Repetition of words or syllables
- Difficulty understanding words that describe position, time, quality or quantity
- Word retrieval difficulties
- Substituting one word for another or misnaming items
- Relying on non-verbal or limited means of communicating
What is an articulation disorder?
Articulation is the production of speech sounds. An articulation disorder is when a child does not make speech sounds correctly due to incorrect placement or movement of the lips, tongue, velum, and/or pharynx. It is important to recognize that there are differences in the age at which children produce specific speech sounds in all words and phrases. Mastering specific speech sounds may take place over several years.
What is a phonological disorder?
Phonology refers to the speech sound system of language. A phonological disorder is when a child is not using speech sound patterns appropriately. A child whose sound structures are different from the speech typical for their stage of development, or who produce unusual simplifications of sound combinations may be demonstrating a phonological disorder.
What are some signs of an articulation/phonological disorder in my child?
Signs of a possible articulation/phonological disorder in a preschool child may include:
- Drooling, feeding concerns
- Omits sounds in words
- Is difficult to understand
- Stops many consonants, little use of continuing consonants such as /w, s, n, f/
- Limited variety of speech sounds
- Asymmetrical tongue or jaw movement
- Tongue between teeth for many sounds
Signs of an articulation/phonological disorder in a school age child may include:
- Omissions/substitutions of speech sounds
- Difficulty with consonant blends
- Frontal and/or lateral lisps
- Difficulty producing the /s, r, l, th/ consonants